Getting the Facts About Osteoarthritis

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There are many different types of arthritis, including osteoarthritis, which is a degenerative joint disease. Osteoarthritis involves the deterioration of the cartilage in the joints, which causes symptoms such as pain. Most often, osteoarthritis affects the knees, hands, hips, and spine. During May, which is National Arthritis Awareness Month, individuals might consider learning about their risk factors of osteoarthritis. Patients in Las Vegas with severe osteoarthritis may be candidates for joint replacement surgery at MountainView Hospital.

Symptoms

Since osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease, its symptoms may grow worse over time. This type of arthritis can lead to pain and stiffness in the affected joint , loss of range of motion, and swelling. Patients may develop joint instability and the joint may become deformed. Additionally, patients may notice a grating or creaking noise that occurs with movement of the joint.

Risk Factors

Certain factors may increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis. These can include being over the age of 50, having a family history of osteoarthritis, and having a personal history of prior joint trauma, joint surgery, or joint infection. Other risk factors include obesity, repetitive joint use, and inherited structural problems that places additional stress on the joint.

Treatment Options

A healthcare team can help patients follow a treatment plan that minimizes joint damage, provides pain relief, and supports joint function. Although no cure exists for osteoarthritis, there are many treatment options available to accomplish these goals and improve quality of life. Lifestyle changes may be recommended, such as maintaining a healthy weight to improve symptoms and exercising to improve joint stability. Physicians may prescribe medications to reduce inflammation and pain, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or COX-2 inhibitors. For patients with severe osteoarthritis, surgery may be appropriate. Surgery may involve the correction of joint deformity, removal of bone fragments, or replacement of the damaged joint.

MountainView Hospital is a full-service hospital that provides the Las Vegas community with advanced treatment options for osteoarthritis. Visit our website for information about our Joint Replacement Program in Las Vegas. You can also call our Consult-A-Nurse referral line at (702) 255-5000 to inquire about our other healthcare services, including emergency care, stroke care, robotic surgery, and bariatric weight loss.

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