Comparing Mitral Valve Repair and Replacement Procedures

A mitral valve issue once meant the valve always had to be replaced. Now, however, repair of the valve is becoming a more common solution for many patients. What are the signs of a mitral valve problem, and which of these procedures is right for you? The cardiologists at your heart hospita l will evaluate your condition and determine the right approach based on the severity of your condition and your overall health. Here is what you need to know.

Mitral Valve Problems

A number of different problems can affect the mitral valve in the heart. Two of the most common are mitral valve stenosis and mitral valve regurgitation. Mitral valve stenosis occurs when the opening to the valve becomes narrow. This reduces the flow of blood between the left atrium to the left ventricle. Mitral valve regurgitation occurs when blood drips backwards through the valve when the left ventricle contracts. This can lead to an enlarged aorta and atrial fibrillation. When mitral valve problems become severe, repair or replacement surgery is usually the solution.

Mitral Valve Repair vs. Replacement

The goals of both repair and replacement procedures are to alleviate symptoms and prevent further heart damage. Most heart hospitals prefer to perform mitral valve repair on patients whenever possible. This surgery is usually less invasive and the long-term outcomes are better than valve replacement. However, if the mitral valve is extremely damaged, then repair may not be effective. In these cases, the mitral valve is replaced with an artificial valve. Replacing the mitral valve is effective at resolving symptoms, but because valves only last for a limited period of time, another replacement is usually needed in the future.

Find out your options for mitral valve repair by visiting MountainView Hospital in Las Vegas. The cardiac surgery experts in our heart hospital can help you understand your condition and work with you on the best treatment approach. In addition to cardiac care, our full service hospital provides a comprehensive range of services, including stroke care and robotic surgery. Get a referral to one of our physicians by calling (702) 255-5000. 

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