Diabetes affects your body in countless ways, and its impact on your bones is no exception. In particular, diabetes can increase the risk of osteoporosis, a condition in which the bones become thin and brittle. Fortunately, by working carefully with your physician to manage your diabetes, you can mitigate some of its effects on your bone health. Here is what you need to know.
Types of diabetes
There are two types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which the body’s immune system attacks the pancreas. The pancreas will cease to produce insulin. As a result, people with type 1 diabetes must take insulin via injections or an insulin pump to replace what the body is not producing.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to using the insulin the pancreas has produced to regulate blood glucose levels. The pancreas also starts to produce inadequate amounts of insulin. Some people with type 2 diabetes take insulin and other medications, while others manage their condition with diet and exercise.
Both forms of diabetes can affect your bone health and increase your risk of osteoporosis, but they are thought to do so in different ways.
Type 1 diabetes and osteoporosis
Low bone density is common with people in type 1 diabetes, but doctors are unsure why the connection exists. It is possible that insulin helps to protect bone health, and when the body does not produce any, bones lose their mass.
People who get type 1 diabetes when they are young, when their bones are still developing, may be especially prone to osteoporosis. Also, substances produced by different cells called cytokines that are common in people with type 1 diabetes are also linked to the development of osteoporosis.
Type 2 diabetes and osteoporosis
Many people with type 2 diabetes are overweight, which can actually have a protective effect on bones. However, many people with type 2 diabetes also have a sedentary lifestyle, which can increase the risk of osteoporosis.
Although the link between type 2 diabetes and osteoporosis is looser, doctors believe that the disease does negatively impact the bones.
Being proactive about managing diabetes and bone health will reduce your risk of complications. Let the specialists at MountainView Hospital in Las Vegas help you develop an effective treatment plan for your diabetes and monitor the health of your bones. Find out more about all of our services at our hospital or ask for a referral to one of our specialists by calling (702) 962-5021.
Heart disease most often affects the older population, but that doesn’t mean that young people aren’t at risk. In reality, heart disease can happen at any age, so knowing the risks and making heart-healthy choices matters at every stage of your life. Here is what you need to know about reducing your risk of heart disease for life.
Thanks to ever-increasing rates of obesity and a sedentary lifestyle, risk factors for heart disease and heart disease itself is being seen in younger patients. Consider some of these statistics about young people and cardiovascular health, reported in 2013 by the American Heart Association :
Approximately 7.8% of teens between the ages of 12 and 19 have cholesterol of over 200 mg/dL.
23.9 million kids between the ages of 2 and 19 are overweight or obese.
According to the Women’s Heart Foundation , 35,000 women under 55 have heart attacks each year. The Center for Disease Control states that heart disease becomes the leading cause of death in men by age 45.
Young people have the same risk factors for heart disease as older people, such as:
- Sedentary lifestyle
Young people also experience a heightened risk of heart disease thanks to two conditions:
- Kawasaki disease – A childhood condition in which the blood vessels become inflamed. When the disease affects the coronary arteries, it can lead to heart disease.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy – An inherited condition that leads to enlarged cardiac muscles. The thickened muscles can impede blood flow.
Preventing heart disease
Young people can drastically reduce their risks of developing heart disease with a few simple steps, such as the following:
See your physician annual for a checkup that includes screenings for high cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes.
Eat a heart-healthy diet, rich in whole grain carbohydrates, lean proteins, fruits, and vegetables.
Get at least 30 minutes of physical activity most days.
Don’t smoke, and talk to your physician about stopping, if you do.
MountainView Hospital’s Heart Center of Las Vegas treats patients of all ages who are suffering from cardiovascular health problems, while our ER provides emergency care for heart health crises. Whether you need more information about our heart health programs or a referral to a cardiologist, call us today at (702) 962-5021.
Moms-to-be know how important it is to monitor everything that they put into their bodies during pregnancy, but did you know that are some things you should avoid while you’re trying to become pregnant? Preparing your body for pregnancy will help you and your baby be healthier and could even influence your baby’s health throughout his or her life. If you are planning on becoming pregnant, talk to your doctor about things you should cut out. Here are some of the things your provider may discuss with you.
Some forms of medication can be dangerous to your growing baby, and if you are planning a pregnancy, your physician may wish to stop them before you conceive. Many antidepressants and biologics are potentially unhealthy for babies, as mentioned in the video, as well as some cholesterol medicines.
Women who become pregnant while taking these medicines should contact their physicians right away. If you are trying to conceive, ask your physician if you should switch to a different type of medicine or discontinue what you are taking. Be sure to keep taking your medicine as prescribed until you have had a chance to review your options with your physician.
Fish with high mercury levels
Your pre-pregnancy diet has an enormous impact on your baby’s well-being. Your physician will likely recommend that you avoid fish with high mercury levels—such as swordfish and tuna—when you are pregnant, because mercury can damage your baby’s developing nervous systems.
When you are trying to become pregnant, it’s best to start avoiding these foods. The effects of mercury can be most extreme early in your pregnancy, often before you even know that you have conceived. Simply taking these foods off the menu will ensure you don’t have to worry.
When you want to get pregnant, it’s best to avoid reaching for any kind of soda. There are indications that most types of soda can impact your fertility, by causing inflammation and metabolic changes. The chemicals that are in soda bottles, including BPA, can also be dangerous for a developing baby.
At MountainView Hospital, our highly trained OBGYN specialists will support you throughout your pregnancy, labor, and delivery to ensure you have the healthiest possible experience. Our newly remodeled labor and delivery unit in Las Vegas boasts private birthing suites and plenty of concierge services for new moms. Find out more about having your baby at our hospital by calling (702) 962-5021.
Electrical shock injuries can have serious consequences, from severe burns that require emergency care to loss of life. Preventing these kinds of injuries is important for your entire family, but children are especially susceptible to injury from electrical shocks. Here is what you need to know about electrical shock injuries and how to prevent them.
What are electrical shock injuries?
Electrical shock injuries occur when someone is exposed to a live electrical current. At home, these kinds of injuries typically occur due to:
- Exposure to electrical wiring
- Faulty tools
- Putting foreign objects into the electrical outlets
- Power line arcs
- Cutting of an electrical cord
Young children in particular are prone to injuries cause by sticking fingers or foreign objects into electrical outlets. Children under six are the most common age group for electrical injuries.
What kinds of injuries happen after electrical exposure?
The type and severity of the injury that occurs after an electrical exposure depends on a number of different factors, including the type of current, the voltage and amperage, and the area of the body that was exposed. Some injuries that may occur include:
- Cardiac arrest
- Respiratory failure
- Hearing impairment
Burns are especially serious injuries. About 3% to 4% of people who enter burn centers for treatment were victims of electrical burns. People with serious electrical burns face a 40% chance of death.
How can I reduce the risk of electrical injuries at home?
Preventing is critical when it comes to electrical injuries. Fortunately, there are several things you can do to make your home safer. Consider putting this advice into action:
- Use safety covers on your outlets
- Replace any equipment or appliance with frayed cords or that give off a shock
- Don’t overload outlets or power strips
- Keep hands and metal objects away from outlets
The ER at MountainView Hospital provides emergency care in Las Vegas for all of your critical healthcare needs, from electrical injuries to strokes and heart attacks. Visit our ER any time, 365 days a year, or contact us at (702) 962-5021 for more information.